Matériau de la lame

List of Blade Material

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Matériau de la lame , Bouclier
Matériau de la lame , Bouclier
Matériau de la lame , Bouclier
Matériau de la lame , Bouclier
Matériau de la lame , Bouclier

M390

Is a premium ultra-high performance stainless steel known for its exceptional edge retention and corrosion resistance, favored for high-end cutlery.

Avantages:
  • Unmatched edge retention
  • Superior corrosion resistance
  • Excellent wear resistance
  • Very high hardness level
Les inconvénients:
  • Difficult to sharpen for novices
  • Higher cost than most steels
  • Not suitable for rough use
  • Requires careful maintenance
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6.1/10
  • Edge Retention: 9.2/10
  • Wear Resistance: 9.5/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 7.5/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 1.9%
  • Chromium (Cr): 20%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 1%
  • Vanadium (V): 4%
  • Silicon (Si): 0.7%
  • Manganese (Mn): 0.3%
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6.1/10
  • Edge Retention: 9.2/10
  • Wear Resistance: 8.9/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 7.5/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 1.90%
  • Chromium (Cr): 20%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 1%
  • Vanadium (V): 4%
  • Tungsten (W): 0.6%
  • Silicon (Si): 0.3%

CPM-20CV

Is a martensitic stainless steel offering excellent wear resistance, high corrosion resistance, and edge retention, perfect for premium blades.

Avantages:
  • Peak-edge retention capability
  • Stellar corrosion resistance
  • High wear resistance
  • Good hardness level
Les inconvénients:
  • Requires skilled sharpening
  • More costly than other options
  • Not the toughest; can chip
  • Less suitable for heavy-duty use

CPM-S35VN

Offers a balanced combination of toughness, edge retention, and corrosion resistance, making it a superb all-rounder for quality knives.

Avantages:
  • Excellent toughness
  • Strong edge retention
  • High corrosion resistance
  • Easier to sharpen than some premium options
Les inconvénients:
  • More expensive than basic steels
  • May require regular maintenance
  • Not as hard as some ultra-premium steels
  • Edge might wear in heavy-duty applications
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6/10
  • Edge Retention: 6.5/10
  • Wear Resistance: 6.5/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 7.2/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 1.4%
  • Chromium (Cr): 14%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 2%
  • Vanadium (V): 3%
  • Niobium (Nb): 0.5%
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6.1/10
  • Edge Retention: 6.5/10
  • Wear Resistance: 5.8/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 6/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 1.05%
  • Chromium (Cr): 14%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 4%
  • Manganese (Mn): 0.5%
  • Silicon (Si): 0.3%

CPM-154

Is a high-quality stainless steel known for its impressive blend of wear resistance, corrosion resistance, and attainable hardness, ideal for premium and versatile knives.

Avantages:
  • Exceptional corrosion resistance
  • Superior wear resistance
  • Excellent edge retention
  • Easy to polish for a premium finish
Les inconvénients:
  • Pricier than some other steels
  • Requires skilled sharpening techniques
  • Not the highest hardness compared to some newer steels
  • Can be overkill for basic applications

154CM

Is a high-carbon stainless steel known for its excellent balance of edge retention, toughness, and corrosion resistance, making it a favorite for quality knives.

Avantages:
  • Good edge retention
  • High corrosion resistance
  • Superior toughness for hard use
  • Easier to sharpen than many high-end steels
Les inconvénients:
  • May require more frequent sharpening than some premium options
  • Slightly more prone to corrosion than some newer stainless steels
  • Can be difficult to work with for manufacturers
  • Price point higher than basic knife steels
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6/10
  • Edge Retention: 6.2/10
  • Wear Resistance: 5/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 5/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 1.05%
  • Chromium (Cr): 14%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 4%
  • Manganese (Mn): 0.5%
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6/10
  • Edge Retention: 6/10
  • Wear Resistance: 6/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 6/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 1.07%
  • Chromium (Cr): 17%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 1.1%
  • Vanadium (V): 0.1%
  • Cobalt (Co): 1.5%

N690

Is a high-end stainless steel with excellent corrosion resistance and hardness, making it a top choice for premium knife applications.

Avantages:
  • Outstanding corrosion resistance
  • High hardness level
  • Good edge retention
  • Easy maintenance and sharpening
Les inconvénients:
  • More expensive than some alternatives
  • Can be challenging to sharpen without proper tools
  • Slightly less tough than some peers
  • Overkill for basic utility tasks

14C28N

Is a Swedish stainless steel optimized for high durability, edge sharpness, and corrosion resistance, ideal for everyday carry knives.

Avantages:
  • Excellent corrosion resistance
  • Superior edge retention
  • Easy to sharpen
  • Balanced performance for price
Les inconvénients:
  • Not as hard as some premium steels
  • May require more frequent care than high-end steels
  • Slightly less wear resistance
  • Not the best for heavy-duty use
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 5.9/10
  • Edge Retention: 3.5/10
  • Wear Resistance: 3.5/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 5.9/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.62%
  • Chromium (Cr): 14%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 0.6%
  • Nitrogen (N): 0.11%
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 5.9/10
  • Edge Retention: 4/10
  • Wear Resistance: 3.7/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 5.3/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.95 – 1.10%
  • Chromium (Cr): 13.00 – 14.50%
  • Vanadium (V): 0.10 – 0.25%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 0.10 – 0.30%
  • Nickel (Ni): 0.49%

AUS-10

Is a high-carbon Japanese stainless steel known for its excellent edge retention and toughness, suitable for high-quality blades.

Avantages:
  • Great edge sharpness and retention
  • High toughness allows for flexibility
  • Resistant to corrosion and wear
  • Fine grain for precision work
Les inconvénients:
  • Moderately difficult to sharpen
  • Slightly less durable than some premium materials
  • May lose luster over time with use
  • Requires proper maintenance

10Cr15CoMoV

Is a high-carbon Chinese stainless steel often compared to Japanese VG-10 for its similar properties, perfect for fine cutlery.

Avantages:
  • Excellent edge retention
  • High overall strength and durability
  • Good corrosion resistance
  • Sharpens to a fine edge
Les inconvénients:
  • Can be difficult to sharpen without skill
  • Not as tough as some lower-carbon steels
  • May be prone to chipping if not treated properly
  • Slightly higher cost than basic steels
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6/10
  • Edge Retention: 6/10
  • Wear Resistance: 5/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 7/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.95 – 1.20%
  • Chromium (Cr): 14.00 – 15.00%
  • Cobalt (Co): 1.30 – 1.50%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 0.40 – 0.55%
  • Vanadium (V): 0.10 – 0.25%
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6.2/10
  • Edge Retention: 7.5/10
  • Wear Resistance: 4/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 3/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 1.4 – 1.6%
  • Chromium (Cr): 11.0 – 13.0%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 0.7 – 1.2%
  • Vanadium (V): 0.5 – 1.1%
  • Iron (Fe): Balance

D2

Is a high-carbon, high-chromium tool steel known for its incredible wear resistance and ability to hold a sharp edge, favored for tough applications.

Avantages:
  • Superior wear resistance
  • Excellent edge retention
  • Hard and durable, ideal for heavy use
  • Relatively easy to sharpen for its hardness
Les inconvénients:
  • Not as corrosion resistant as stainless steels
  • Can be brittle if not properly heat-treated
  • Requires regular maintenance to prevent rust
  • Slightly difficult to sharpen due to its hardness

9Cr18MoV

Is a high-alloy Chinese stainless steel praised for its fine balance between toughness and corrosion resistance, suited for diverse knives.

Avantages:
  • Great corrosion resistance
  • Balances hardness and toughness
  • Good edge retention
  • Reasonably easy to sharpen with care
Les inconvénients:
  • Slightly less wear resistance than premium steels
  • May require frequent honing for optimal performance
  • Less known outside of Asia compared to other steels
  • Prone to staining if not maintained properly
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 5.8/10
  • Edge Retention: 4/10
  • Wear Resistance: 4/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 4.5/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.9 – 1.0%
  • Chromium (Cr): 18.0%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 1.0 – 1.3%
  • Vanadium (V): 0.10 – 0.20%
  • Manganese (Mn): 0.80%
  • Silicon (Si): 0.80%
  • Phosphorus (P): 0.035%
  • Sulfur (S): 0.030%
  • Nickel (Ni): 0.60%
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 5.8/10
  • Edge Retention: 3.2/10
  • Wear Resistance: 3/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 3.6/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.7 – 0.75%
  • Chromium (Cr): 13.0 – 14.5%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 0.1 – 0.3%
  • Vanadium (V): 0.1 – 0.25%
  • Manganese (Mn): 1.0%
  • Nickel (Ni): 0.6%
  • Silicon (Si): 1.0%
  • Phosphorus (P): 0.04%
  • Sulfur (S): 0.03%

8Cr13MoV

Is a budget-friendly Chinese stainless steel that offers a good balance of toughness, edge retention, and corrosion resistance.

Avantages:
  • Excellent value for the price
  • Good corrosion resistance
  • Easy to sharpen
  • Decent toughness for everyday use
Les inconvénients:
  • Lower edge retention compared to premium steels
  • May require more frequent sharpening
  • Not ideal for heavy-duty use
  • Variability in heat treatment results

7Cr17MoV

Is an affordable Chinese steel known for its impressive corrosion resistance and ease of sharpening, ideal for budget-friendly designs.

Avantages:
  • Highly resistant to rust
  • Very easy to sharpen
  • Affordable for bulk manufacturing
  • Suitable for low-cost tools
Les inconvénients:
  • Lower edge retention
  • Softer steel may deform under stress
  • Not for high-performance use
  • Sharpening required more often
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 5.6/10
  • Edge Retention: 3/10
  • Wear Resistance: 3/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 4/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.70%
  • Chromium (Cr): 17.0%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 1.10%
  • Vanadium (V): 0.10%
  • Manganese (Mn): 0.80%
  • Silicon (Si): 0.80%
  • Phosphorus (P): 0.040%
  • Sulfur (S): 0.030%
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 5.6/10
  • Edge Retention: 4/10
  • Wear Resistance: 3/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 3.5/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.5%
  • Chromium (Cr): 15.0%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 0.5%
  • Vanadium (V): 0.1%
  • Manganese (Mn): 1.0%
  • Silicon (Si): 1.0%
  • Phosphorus (P): 0.035%
  • Sulfur (S): 0.03%

5Cr15MoV

Is a Chinese stainless steel primarily known for its exceptional corrosion resistance and ease of maintenance, ideal for entry-level knives.

Avantages:
  • High corrosion resistance makes it durable
  • Very easy to sharpen, even for beginners
  • Affordable, great for budget-conscious projects
  • Maintains a decent edge with regular use
Les inconvénients:
  • Lower edge retention compared to higher-end steels
  • Softer steel may require frequent sharpening
  • Not suitable for heavy-duty or high-performance tasks
  • May lack the prestige of higher-end materials

SK5

Is a high carbon Japanese steel, prized for its ability to hold a sharp edge and its durability in tough conditions, perfect for heavy-duty tools.

Avantages:
  • Excellent edge retention
  • High durability under stress
  • Suitable for heavy-duty applications
  • Can be sharpened to a very fine edge
Les inconvénients:
  • More prone to rust if not cared for
  • Requires regular maintenance
  • Harder to sharpen due to high hardness
  • Not as tough as some other high carbon steels
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6.1/10
  • Edge Retention: 5/10
  • Wear Resistance: 5/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 3/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.80-0.90%
  • Chromium (Cr): 0.30%
  • Tungsten (W): <0.35%
  • Silicon (Si): 0.35%
  • Manganese (Mn): 0.50%
  • Phosphorus (P): 0.030%
  • Sulfur (S): 0.030%
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 5.3/10
  • Edge Retention: 2/10
  • Wear Resistance: 2.5/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 7/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.26-0.35%
  • Chromium (Cr): 12.00-14.00%
  • Nickel (Ni): ≤0.60%
  • Silicon (Si): ≤1.00%
  • Manganese (Mn): ≤1.00%
  • Phosphorus (P): ≤0.035%
  • Sulfur (S): ≤0.030%

3Cr13

Is a Chinese stainless steel known for its remarkable balance between affordability and functionality, ideal for value-oriented tools.

Avantages:
  • Highly cost-effective for bulk manufacturing
  • Resistant to corrosion in normal conditions
  • Easy to sharpen, requires basic tools
  • Decent toughness for everyday use
Les inconvénients:
  • Lower edge retention, may need frequent honing
  • Softer steel, less wear-resistant
  • Not optimal for high-end or premium items
  • May not perform well under extreme conditions

2Cr13

Is a Chinese stainless steel that offers an excellent blend of strength and corrosion resistance, making it suitable for budget-friendly tools and accessories.

Avantages:
  • Good corrosion resistance at a low cost
  • Fairly easy to sharpen with basic tools
  • Decent strength for everyday applications
  • Affordable for large scale production
Les inconvénients:
  • Lower hardness and edge retention
  • May require more frequent sharpening
  • Not suitable for premium or high-end use
  • Limited wear resistance
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 5.2/10
  • Edge Retention: 2/10
  • Wear Resistance: 2/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 7/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.16-0.25%
  • Chromium (Cr): 12.00-14.00%
  • Nickel (Ni): ≤0.60%
  • Silicon (Si): ≤1.00%
  • Manganese (Mn): ≤1.00%
  • Phosphorus (P): ≤0.035%
  • Sulfur (S): ≤0.030%
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 5.5/10
  • Edge Retention: 5/10
  • Wear Resistance: 5/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 4/10
Standard Composition:

Damascus steel does not have a “standard” composition, as it is made through a process of folding and forging multiple layers of steels of varying properties. Typically, it combines high carbon and low carbon steels to create its unique characteristics.

Acier Damas

Is renowned for its distinctive patterned design, exceptional toughness, and ability to be honed to a keen edge, making it a premium choice for fine blades.

Avantages:
  • High-end aesthetic appeal
  • Superior edge retention capabilities
  • Excellent toughness and durability
  • Resistant to shattering
Les inconvénients:
  • More expensive than simpler steels
  • Requires skilled craftsmanship to forge
  • Maintenance is necessary to prevent corrosion
  • Variability in quality depending on maker

CPM-3V

Is a high toughness, tool steel grade known for its outstanding resistance to breakage and chipping in high wear environments.

Avantages:
  • Exceptional toughness, reduces breakage risk
  • Good wear resistance for longevity
  • Maintains a sharp edge well
  • Suitable for hard-use applications
Les inconvénients:
  • Relatively difficult to sharpen
  • More expensive than some tool steels
  • Not as corrosion-resistant as some stainless steels
  • May require more maintenance
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6/10
  • Edge Retention: 7/10
  • Wear Resistance: 5/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 5/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.80%
  • Chromium (Cr): 7.50%
  • Vanadium (V): 2.75%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 1.30%
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6.1/10
  • Edge Retention: 9/10
  • Wear Resistance: 9/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 5/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 2.30%
  • Chromium (Cr): 14.00%
  • Vanadium (V): 9.00%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 1.00%

CPM-S90V

Is a martensitic stainless steel that offers unparalleled edge retention and excellent resistance to wear and abrasion.

Avantages:
  • Superior edge retention preserves sharpness
  • High resistance to wear extends lifespan
  • Resists corrosion effectively in most environments
  • Ideal for premium, long-lasting blades
Les inconvénients:
  • Challenging to sharpen without proper tools
  • Higher cost reflects its premium qualities
  • Less toughness compared to some other steels
  • Not the best for high-impact applications

CPM-S110V

Is distinguished by its exceptional edge retention and corrosion resistance, making it a top choice for high-end blades.

Avantages:
  • Unmatched edge retention for continuous use
  • Excellent corrosion resistance for longevity
  • High wear resistance ideal for intensive tasks
  • Maintains performance in harsh conditions
Les inconvénients:
  • Requires expertise to sharpen properly
  • Higher upfront cost due to premium quality
  • May be too brittle for heavy-duty tasks
  • Not the best for those new to knife maintenance
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6.6/10
  • Edge Retention: 10/10
  • Wear Resistance: 9/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 6/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 2.8%
  • Chromium (Cr): 15.25%
  • Vanadium (V): 9.0%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 2.25%
  • Niobium (Nb): 3.0%
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6.2/10
  • Edge Retention: 8.5/10
  • Wear Resistance: 8.5/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 5.5/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 1.7%
  • Chromium (Cr): 18%
  • Vanadium (V): 3%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 1.1%

ELMAX

Is a high chromium-vanadium-molybdenum alloyed steel, known for its superb blend of toughness and wear resistance, making it a versatile choice for high-quality blades.

Avantages:
  • Excellent wear resistance ensures long blade life
  • High corrosion resistance for diverse environments
  • Good toughness prevents chipping and breaking
  • Retains edge well with moderate use
Les inconvénients:
  • Sharpening requires more effort than simpler steels
  • Slightly higher cost due to premium qualities
  • May be overkill for basic cutting tasks
  • Not as widely available as other high-end steels

H1

Is a nitrogen-based alloy known for its exceptional corrosion resistance, making it ideal for marine environments and applications prone to rust.

Avantages:
  • Unparalleled corrosion resistance, even in saltwater
  • Requires minimal maintenance for upkeep
  • Retains a working edge in harsh conditions
  • Can be honed to a sharp edge easily
Les inconvénients:
  • Lower wear resistance compared to some premium steels
  • Not as hard as other knife materials
  • Edge retention is moderate, requiring frequent touch-ups
  • May not be suitable for heavy-duty cutting tasks
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 5.9/10
  • Edge Retention: 2/10
  • Wear Resistance: 2/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 10/10
Standard Composition:
  • Nitrogen (N): A significant amount, replacing carbon to achieve rust resistance
  • Chromium (Cr): Around 14-16%
  • Nickel (Ni): Present, enhances corrosion resistance
  • Manganese (Mn), Silicon (Si), Molybdenum (Mo): Small amounts for structure and toughness
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6.2/10
  • Edge Retention: 7.5/10
  • Wear Resistance: 4/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 3/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 1.55%
  • Chromium (Cr): 11.8%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 0.8%
  • Vanadium (V): 0.9%
  • Silicon (Si), Manganese (Mn): Minimal amounts for improved structure

K110

Is an Austrian-made high-carbon, high-chromium tool steel, famed for its remarkable balance of toughness, wear resistance, and edge retention.

Avantages:
  • Excellent wear resistance for prolonged use
  • Good toughness to resist chipping and breaking
  • Superior edge retention keeps blades sharp longer
  • Fairly easy to sharpen for maintenance
Les inconvénients:
  • Requires regular maintenance to prevent rust
  • Slightly harder to sharpen than more common steels
  • May not be as widely available as other steels
  • Can be considered expensive for bulk manufacturing

AUS-8

Is a Japanese medium-carbon, high-chromium stainless steel that offers a good balance of toughness, edge retention, and corrosion resistance.

Avantages:
  • Good corrosion resistance for less maintenance
  • Easy to sharpen to a razor edge
  • Offers a good balance between toughness and hardness
  • Affordable, making it great for budget-conscious projects
Les inconvénients:
  • Edge retention is moderate; may need frequent sharpening
  • Not as hard as premium steels
  • Can be prone to wear if used heavily
  • May not perform as well in extreme conditions
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 5.9/10
  • Edge Retention: 4/10
  • Wear Resistance: 3.7/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 5.3/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.75%
  • Chromium (Cr): 14.5%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 0.3%
  • Vanadium (V): 0.25%
  • Nickel (Ni): Minimal amounts
  • Silicon (Si), Manganese (Mn): Present for structure
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6.7/10
  • Edge Retention: 8/10
  • Wear Resistance: 5/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 4/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 1.35%
  • Chromium (Cr): 4.0%
  • Vanadium (V): 3.85%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 2.75%
  • Tungsten (W): Minimal amounts
  • Silicon (Si), Manganese (Mn): Present for structure

CPM-4V

Is a powder metallurgy tool steel known for its high impact toughness and excellent wear resistance.

Avantages:
  • Superior impact toughness for heavy-duty use
  • High wear resistance for extended tool life
  • Maintains a sharp edge well
  • Resistant to chipping during strenuous tasks
Les inconvénients:
  • More difficult to sharpen than simpler steels
  • Moderately prone to corrosion; maintenance required
  • Can be costly due to advanced production process
  • May be overkill for everyday, light-duty tools

CPM-S45VN

Is a premium stainless steel that offers an excellent balance of hardness, toughness, and corrosion resistance.

Avantages:
  • Enhanced corrosion resistance for longevity
  • Superior edge retention keeps blades sharp longer
  • Offers improved toughness over predecessor steels
  • Balanced composition for versatile applications
Les inconvénients:
  • Higher cost due to premium quality
  • Requires skilled sharpening techniques
  • May be over-engineered for basic tool needs
  • Availability can be limited due to demand
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6.2/10
  • Edge Retention: 6.9/10
  • Wear Resistance: 7/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 7.2/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.61%
  • Chromium (Cr): 16%
  • Vanadium (V): 3%
  • Niobium (Nb): 0.5%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 2%
  • Silicon (Si), Manganese (Mn): Present for structure
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 5.9/10
  • Edge Retention: 2/10
  • Wear Resistance: 2/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 10/10
Standard Composition:
  • Nitrogen (N): Significant amount replacing Carbon
  • Chromium (Cr): 14-16%
  • Nickel (Ni): Present for toughness
  • Manganese (Mn), Silicon (Si): Present for structure

H1

Is a nitrogen-based stainless steel known for its exceptional resistance to rust, making it ideal for marine environments.

Avantages:
  • Virtually immune to rust; perfect for wet conditions
  • Maintains decent edge in corrosive environments
  • Work-hardens, improving with use
  • Easy to sharpen, even in the field
Les inconvénients:
  • Not as hard as some premium steels
  • Edge retention lower than high-carbon options
  • May require more frequent sharpening with heavy use
  • Limited use in applications requiring extreme sharpness

Maxamet

Is an ultra-hard high-speed powder steel known for its supreme cutting efficiency and edge retention capabilities.

Avantages:
  • Exceptional edge retention for long-term sharpness
  • Very high hardness offers impressive wear resistance
  • Remains sharp under extensive use
  • Ideal for technical cutting tasks
Les inconvénients:
  • Challenging to sharpen due to hardness
  • More prone to corrosion without proper care
  • Premium material at a higher price point
  • Not recommended for novice users
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6/10
  • Edge Retention: 10/10
  • Wear Resistance: 8.5/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 4.5/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 2.15%
  • Tungsten (W): 13
  •  Cobalt (Co): 10%
  • Vanadium (V): 6%
  • Chromium (Cr): 4.75%
  • Sulfur (S), Molybdenum (Mo): Present for machinability
Score:
  • • Hardness (HRC): 5.8/10
    • Edge Retention: 4/10
    • Wear Resistance: 2/10
    • Corrosion Resistance: 2/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.95%
  • Manganese (Mn): 0.4%
  • Trace amounts of Phosphorus (P) and Sulfur (S)

1095

Is a classic high-carbon steel known for its excellent hardness and edge retention, favored for its traditional knife-making qualities.

Avantages:
  • Excellent edge retention keeps blades sharp longer
  • High hardness allows for precision cutting
  • Easy to sharpen, even for beginners
  • Affordable, making it great for many applications
Les inconvénients:
  • Prone to rust without proper care
  • Requires regular maintenance to prevent oxidation
  • Not as tough as some modern alloys
  • May chip if used improperly on hard materials

CTS-BD1

Is a high-carbon chromium steel offering a balanced combination of hardness, edge retention, and corrosion resistance.

Avantages:
  • Good edge retention ensures lasting sharpness
  • High corrosion resistance ideal for daily use
  • Easy to sharpen, suits various skill levels
  • Versatile for a wide range of cutting tasks
Les inconvénients:
  • Moderate wear resistance compared to higher-end steels
  • Hardness not as high as premium options
  • May require more frequent sharpening than premium steels
  • Not the best for extremely heavy-duty tasks
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 5.9/10
  • Edge Retention: 3.5/10
  • Wear Resistance: 3.5/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 5.9/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 0.9%
  • Chromium (Cr): 15.75%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 0.3%
  • Vanadium (V): 0.1%
  • Silicon (Si), Manganese (Mn): Present for enhanced properties
Score:
  • Hardness (HRC): 6.2/10
  • Edge Retention: 6/10
  • Wear Resistance: 6/10
  • Corrosion Resistance: 8/10
Standard Composition:
  • Carbon (C): 1.0%
  • Chromium (Cr): 5.5%
  • Molybdenum (Mo): 1.1%
  • Vanadium (V): 0.2%
  • Manganese (Mn), Silicon (Si): Present in small quantities for improved properties

A2

Is an air-hardened tool steel known for its excellent toughness and decent edge retention, making it robust for heavy-duty use.

Avantages:
  • Superior toughness withstands rigorous tasks
  • Good wear resistance for longer lifespan
  • Decent edge retention for sustained sharpness
  • Fairly easy to sharpen with the right tools
Les inconvénients:
  • Moderate corrosion resistance, requires care
  • Not as hard as some high-end steels
  • May require more frequent care to prevent rust
  • Slightly more challenging to sharpen than less tough steels

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